As an example of Planetary Romance world development, I have decided to follow my basic advice from my previous post and construct some words for the updated World of Samardan mini-setting I'm developing as an example of this genre. The following small word lists will prove useful in naming places, creatures and people, as well as add flavor and consistency to the setting.
Note On Pronunciation
Consonants are pronounced as they are in English. Vowels are pronounced as they are in Spanish, and are never doubled. (The words in parentheses below refer to the general shape/position of the mouth, tongue and lips, if it helps.)
a: as in "father" (open, central, not rounded)
e: as in "ten men" (open-mid, front, not rounded)
i: as in "ski" (close, front, not rounded)
o: as in "note" (close-mid, back, rounded or semi-rounded)
u: as in "truth" (close, back, rounded)
Body Parts, Monstrous
English Samardan claw, talon kun fang, tooth dant feather resh hair (pelt) kal hoof pesun horn kar shell dafan stinger tanga tail lang wing krel
English Samardan amphibian barma bird oneth fish pesh insect kit mammal burun reptile pacha
English Samardan color hu black hel blue sul brown bur gray, grey dusar green aber orange (color) jus purple thul red arun white zuwel yellow pil
English Samardan bay wan beach, shore kosh cave nadra cliff kif cloud gayen desert serer earth (land, ground) dan grasslands, plains, savannah kampos fire agon forest mader hill digara island jazira lake tal lightning chana moon (dancing twins) rasakamari moon (general term) kamar moon (red) arunkamar moon (white) zuwelkamar mountain gara rain barich river gwach sea, ocean yam sky sama snow him star tar storm jayu sun sor swamp, marsh mer thunder don valley balem volcano agongara
English Samardan biggest, greatest gran bigger, greater bar smaller, lesser mal smallest, least di half pal
English Samardan low noble Pansanu medium noble Koranu high noble Doganu sovereign Rajanu member of martial peerage, knight Jen member of mystical peerage, sage Sen
Whew! I suppose that looks like a lot of nonsense. Well, it does, until you use it. Here are some examples of how we can put these simple lists to use:
Suppose I need to name a small fishing village known for the brilliant blue fish they catch off their coast. Instead of calling the village Bluefish, I can now name it Sulpesh. Because I know the root words, I have a clue as to something about the location, and once the players learn enough of the setting, they could, as well.
The name Cornelius means "horn sun," deriving from Latin cornu "horn" and Greek helios "sun". The same name in the World of Samardan would be Karsor.
Let's say that you wanted to use a wooly mammoth against your PCs, but didn't want to call it a wooly mammoth. Instead, we could use "greatest"+"pelt"+"fang"+"mammal" to get Grankaldantburun. Optionally, we could look up the meaning of the word mammoth, which apparently comes from Russian roots meaning "earth horn", and go with Dankar. Personally, I'm good with either Kaldant or Dankar, myself.
You can also use the "environment" descriptors to distinguish between two similar beasts that occupy different regions. The dankar of the plains, which is the smaller and less aggressive of the two (although that isn't saying much), would be the Kamposdankar, while the larger and more ferocious mountainous dankar would be better classified as the Garadankar.
All we need is a few more short word lists for some specific adjectives and such, and we'd have a pretty solid naming language (and no real need to move much beyond that.)